Clinical Evaluation of Dysphagia

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Clinical Evaluation of Dysphagia

Severity score Definition Characteristics 7 Within normal limits No condition of dysphagia 6 Minimum problem Some symptoms of dysphagia but no need of rehabilitation or exercise 5 Oral problem Significant…

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Swallowing Exercises

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Swallowing Exercises

Fig. 7.1 Four main methodologies that comprise the core components of rehabilitation exercise: comprehensive medical management, the activity-function-structure relationship, therapeutic learning, and the assistive system The activity-function-structure relationship refers to…

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Case Studies

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Case Studies

Fig. 9.1 (a) Axial CT scan of the brain at the time of hemorrhage onset. The large area of increased density (white) represents acute bleeding in the right thalamic area,…

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Other Swallowing Treatments

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Other Swallowing Treatments

Fig. 8.1 Intermittent oral self-catheterization. Two locations of the catheter tip are possible depending on the patient’s condition The recommended feeding speed is usually 150–200 ml/h when placing the catheter…

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Oral Hygiene Care

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Oral Hygiene Care

Fig. 6.1 Common oral problems in dysphagic patients and older people Assessment of the patient’s dental and oral hygiene status is necessary during the clinical examination, after instrumental investigation with…

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Physiological Models of Swallowing

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Physiological Models of Swallowing

Fig. 3.1 Illustration of three physiological models of swallowing : two-stage, four-stage, and process models A brief summary of the current understanding of these swallow stages and the differences among…

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Overview of Structures and Essential Terms

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Overview of Structures and Essential Terms

Swallowing/deglutition A series of movements that promote bolus transportation from the mouth to the stomach Eating /ingestion The process of taking a bolus into the body by mouth Eating disorder…

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Dysphagia from the Viewpoint of Rehabilitation Medicine

Mar 15, 2018 by in NURSING Comments Off on Dysphagia from the Viewpoint of Rehabilitation Medicine

Fig. 4.1 Serious problems in dysphagic patients from the viewpoint of rehabilitation medicine It is imperative that both specialists and general physicians recognize and understand the contribution of dysphagia to…

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