Oronasopharyngeal Suction

Oronasopharyngeal Suction

Oronasopharyngeal suction removes secretions from the pharynx by a suction catheter inserted through the mouth or nostril. Used to maintain a patent airway, this procedure helps the patient who can’t clear his airway effectively with coughing and expectoration, such as the unconscious or severely debilitated patient. The procedure should be done as often as necessary, depending on the patient’s condition.

Because the catheter may inadvertently slip into the lower airway or esophagus, oronasopharyngeal suction is a sterile procedure that requires sterile equipment. However, clean technique may be used for a tonsil tip suction device. In fact, an alert patient can use a tonsil tip suction device himself to remove secretions.

Preparation of Equipment

Before beginning, check your facility’s policy to determine whether a doctor’s order is required for oropharyngeal suctioning. Also review the patient’s blood gas or oxygen saturation values, and check vital signs. Evaluate the patient’s ability to cough and deep breathe to determine his ability to move secretions up the tracheobronchial tree. Check his history for a deviated septum, nasal polyps, nasal obstruction, traumatic injury, epistaxis, or mucosal swelling.

If no contraindications exist, gather and place the suction equipment on the patient’s overbed table or bedside stand. Position the table or stand on your preferred side of the bed to facilitate suctioning. Connect the tubing to the suctioning unit. Date and then open the bottle of normal saline solution. Open the waterproof trash bag.

Jul 21, 2016 | Posted by in NURSING | Comments Off on Oronasopharyngeal Suction

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