A short-term, highly restrictive diet composed only of fluids or foods that are transparent and liquid at body temperature (e.g., gelatin). It requires minimal digestion and leaves a minimum of residue. Inadequate in calories and all nutrients except vitamin C if vitamin C-fortified juices are used.
Clear broth or bouillon
Coffee, tea, and carbonated beverages, as allowed and as tolerated
Fruit juices; clear (apple, cranberry, grape) and strained (orange, lemonade, grapefruit)
Fruit ice made from clear fruit juice
Sugar, honey, hard candy
Commercially prepared clear liquid supplements
In preparation for bowel surgery or colonoscopy; acute gastrointestinal disorders; transitional feeding after parenteral nutrition
Practice of using clear liquids as initial feeding after surgery may not be warranted.
A diet composed of foods that are blended, whipped, or mashed to pudding-like consistency
All foods should be smooth and free of lumps.
Most foods can be liquefied by combining equal parts of solids and liquids; fruits and vegetables need less liquid.
Broth, gravy, cream soups, cheese, tomato sauce, milk, and fruit juice are preferable to water for blenderizing due to their higher calorie and nutritional value.
Liquids may be thickened to improve ease of swallowing.
All foods are allowed, but consistency is changed to liquid.
Used after oral or facial surgery; for wired jaws; chewing and swallowing problems
Mechanically altered diet
A regular diet modified in texture only; excludes most raw fruits and vegetables and foods containing seeds, nuts, and dried fruit
Gravies, sauces, milk, and water are used to soften foods that are chopped, ground, mashed, or cooked soft.
Sticky foods such as peanut butter are avoided.
Chopped or ground diet: milk; yogurt; pudding; cottage cheese; mashed, soft ripened fruit (peaches, pears, bananas); cooked, mashed soft vegetables (peas, carrots, yams); ground meats; soft casseroles; smooth cooked cereals; soft bitesized pasta; bread products made into a slurry with the addition of gravy or syrup
Used for patients who have limited chewing ability, such as patients who are edentulous, have ill-fitting dentures, or have undergone surgery to the head, neck, or mouth
A regular diet that features soft-textured foods that are easy to chew and swallow. Hard, sticky, dry, or crunchy foods are excluded.
Soft cooked vegetables; shredded lettuce; canned fruit; soft, peeled fresh fruit; well-moistened, thin sliced, tender, or ground meats, poultry, or fish; eggs; milk; yogurt; mashed potatoes; white rice; well-cooked pasta; well-moistened cereals without dried fruits or nuts
Used to limit gastrointestinal irritation and minimize gut activity for healing purposes
Not intended for long-term use because it can cause constipation