When paralysis or coma impairs or eliminates the corneal reflex, frequent eye care aims to keep the exposed cornea moist, preventing ulceration and inflammation. Commercially available eye ointments and artificial tears also lubricate the corneas, but a doctor’s order is required for their use.
Although eye care isn’t a sterile procedure, asepsis should be maintained as much as possible.
Sterile basin ▪ gloves ▪ sterile normal saline solution ▪ sterile cotton balls ▪ artificial tears or eye ointment (if ordered) ▪ paper tape.
Preparation of Equipment
Gather the equipment at the patient’s bedside. Pour a small amount of saline solution into the basin.