Eleven Steps to Putting It All Together With or Without Concept Mapping

Eleven Steps to Putting It All Together With or Without Concept Mapping

What Is Concept Mapping?

“Concept mapping is a technique that can help you organize data for analysis. It uses diagrams to demonstrate the relationship of one concept or piece of information to other concepts or pieces of information” (Carpenito-Moyet, 2007). This is useful for students and others, who are new to care planning and nursing diagnoses.

Concept mapping can help you

  • Explain relationships of data

  • Identify both strengths and risk factors in individuals

  • Determine whether there is sufficient data to support your diagnosis

The concept map is composed of a center circle with a ring of outer circles that are connected to the center circle. This is the diagram that you can use to map clinical data on the individual.


Sample concept maps for an individual are shown below and on the following pages. The individual’s strengths are mapped below:


His risk factors are mapped below:


Throughout the 11 steps you can use concept mapping to help organize the data.

Now you have learned the five steps in the nursing process in Chapter 5, you will have the tools to create a plan of care (or care plan) for the individual.

Step 1: Assessment

Transitional Risk Assessment Plan

On admission, the individual needs to be assessed for their vulnerability for infection, pressure ulcers, falls, and delayed transition. Use the evidence-based assessment tools in Appendix D.

If you need to write a care plan before you can interview the individual, go to Step 2 now. If you interview the individual before you write your care plan, complete your assessment using the form recommended by your faculty.

After you complete your assessment, you will need to identify

  • Strengths

  • Risk factors

  • Problems in one or more Functional Health Patterns

Strengths are qualities or factors that will help the person to recover, cope with stressors, and progress to his or her original health or as close as possible prior to hospitalization, illness, or surgery. The individual’s strengths can be used to motivate him or her to perform some difficult activities. Some examples of strengths include

  • Positive spiritual framework

  • Positive support system

  • Ability to perform self-care

  • No eating difficulties

  • Effective sleep habits

  • Alertness and good memory

  • Financial stability

  • Ability to relax most of the time

  • Motivation

  • Positive self-esteem

  • Internal locus of control

  • Independent with self-responsibility

  • Positive self-efficacy


Write a list of the individual’s strengths or use a concept map with strengths as the center.

Risk factors are situations, personal characteristics, disabilities, or medical conditions that can hinder the person’s ability to heal, cope with stressors, and progress to his or her original health prior to hospitalization, illness, or surgery. Examples of risk factors are as follows:

  • No or ineffective support system

  • Substance abuse (alcohol, tobacco, drugs)

  • No or little regular exercise

  • Inadequate or poor nutritional habits

  • Learning difficulties

  • Denial

  • Poor coping skills

  • Communication problems

  • Obesity

  • Fatigue

  • Limited ability to speak or understand English

  • Memory/comprehension problems

  • Hearing problems

  • Self-care problems before hospitalization

  • Difficulty walking

  • Financial problems

  • Negative self-efficacy

Write a list of risk factors for the individual or create a concept map of risk factors.


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Dec 6, 2019 | Posted by in NURSING | Comments Off on Eleven Steps to Putting It All Together With or Without Concept Mapping
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