outcomes by adopting allopathic medicine, the growing trend in industrialized countries is to reclaim traditional healing systems and adopt CAM modalities.
Table 41-1 ▪ CAM DOMAINS
faculty. Fontaine11 suggests that nurses’ CAM use is related to the profession’s emphasis on self-care.
Rajas (motion, action), and Tamas (inertia resisting motion, action). Diagnoses are based on history, observation, palpation, and inspection, particularly of the pulse, tongue, eyes, and nails. Therapeutic goals in AM are to maintain or restore harmony between the individual and cosmic forces (mind, body, spirit). This involves increasing Sattva while reducing Rajas and Tamas. The AM approach is holistic; treatments are customized to match the individual’s characteristics (i.e., constitutional type or Prakruti). Appropriate food, sleep, and sexual activity are pillars of good health in AM. Many treatments utilize vegetable-based botanicals such as cardamom, cinnamon, and turmeric. Treatments emphasize mental and physical hygiene and discipline, adherence to moral and spiritual values, massage, exercise, meditation, herbs, sunlight exposure, and controlled breathing. Strict adherence to diet (Yama) and behavior (Niyama) is part of AM. Treatments include accessing pressure regions (Marma), similar to acupuncture. Meditation and yoga exercises are essential components of AM, with stress on the ability to bend, flex, extend, and stretch. Physical fitness from the AM viewpoint involves a capacity to withstand heat, cold, hunger, thirst, and fatigue.
alignment, control of pain, and, ultimately, restoration of proper body functions.21
Treatments are designed to amplify the natural tendency of the body to heal and eliminate toxins from the body.